Slipstream Windows with service packs, updates and drivers and nVIDIA RAID drivers.http://www.short-media.com/printcont...print=r&id=284
Installing Windows can be a pain. First there is the hour long session with the operating system. Don't forget to press F6 if you are using SATA drives. Then there is the boredom of connecting to the Internet in order to download and install all the service packs and system updates. Slipstreaming a Windows XP installation disk is the answer and there is a simple and easy way to create your own Windows installation disk complete with the latest service pack(s), updates and disk drivers.
Slipstreaming, or integrating service packs and updates into an existing operating system installation disk, was a complicated procedure of extracting files and editing various system files. An inexperienced user would often be baffled by the task. It was only a matter of time before slipstream software begun to appear. XP Lite (from $39 USD) and nLite (Free) are two such software applications used in the process of slipstreaming an installation disk.
Free is a good thing.
NLite was created by Dino Nuhagic and allows for removal of some windows components during the installation stage. MSN Explorer, Outlook Express, Internet Explorer and other such Windows features can be deleted from the installation process with nLite. Customize the installation process to add or remove Windows features from the start menu. The installation process can even be automated to automatically enter the Windows activation code (corporate editions).
Other features include:
- Service Pack Integration
- Component Removal
- Unattended Setup
- Driver Integration *
- Hotfixes Integration **
- Tweaks Patches ***
- Bootable ISO creation
* - Textmode (CD Boot) and normal PnP
** - only new type 1 hotfixes (for example XP post SP2)
***- supports generic SFC, Uxtheme, TcpIp and Usb Polling patching.
NLite supports Windows 2000, XP and 2003 and requires .Net Framework 1.1 in order to run. NLite is still in the beta phase.
[newpage]Before you begin
The first step to slipstreaming an installation disk is to download the necessary service packs and updates. If the computer uses SATA drives then download the latest installation drivers too. This guide uses Windows XP Professional as the test operating system.
Windows XP service packs and updates as of April 03, 2005. Download each of these to a folder or folders. Example: The Windows XP Service pack is downloaded to a folder named SP2 and the Security Updates to a folder named Security Updates and so on. NOTICE: The downloads are over a total of 300 MB of files.Windows XP Service Pack 2 Network Installation Package for IT Professionals and Developers
Updates for Windows XP
The .NET Framework 1.1 is required In order to run nLite.
Don't forget to download the nLite program.
[newpage]Begin the slipstreaming process
The nLite program can be installed once .NET is installed. nLite will not run without .NET in place.
Click NEXT to get to the first step of the slipstreaming process. This menu selects what options the program will guide the user through for configuration and slipstreaming.
Click on any or all of the menu bars. This will only activate that part of the program for configuration later on in the process. If an option is selected and no settings are changed then it is as if the option were never selected in the first place. For this guide all but CREATE A BOOTABLE ISO are selected. NERO will be used to burn back the finished files to a bootable CD as this guide will add Windows Media Player 10 to the slipstreamed disk.
Click NEXT and nLite will ask where the source files are. Insert the original installation disk into an available optical drive and browse to that drive letter...not any of the individual installation folders or files.
A message will pop up asking for the location of where the installation files will be ripped to.
Click OK and browse to any place on the hard drive(s) where the files will be transferred to. Make sure there is at least 1 GB of free space. Create a folder and name it. The name does not matter. For this test XP CD was used as the folder name.
Click OK and the process will automatically begin of transferring the Windows installation files from the source disk or folder to the newly created folder.
The process will finish and display the version, language, path, size and remaining free space on the drive/partition.
Click NEXT and then SELECT where the Service Pack 2 download is. Remember that Service Pack 2 for Windows XP contains all the files for Service Pack 1 and 1a. There is no need to download Service Pack 1 and 1a.
Click OK and nLite returns to the Service Pack selection screen. Windows 2000 users may want to install further Service Packs but Windows XP users need only integrate Service Pack 2 at this time.
Click NEXT and nLite brings up the REMOVE COMPONENTS screen. Each of the listed categories has an expandable area to remove certain components of Windows from the installation process.
Each of the entries has a help description beside it when it is highlighted. Putting a checkmark beside the entry means it WILL BE REMOVED from the installation process.
NLite also highlights important entries in red. These should be thought about twice before selecting.
It's very important that time is taken to carefully consider what options are to be selected for removal. Remember that the original installation disk or folder where the original installation files are WILL NOT BE CHANGED. You can always go back and create another slipstreamed disk.IMPORTANT: if SATA drivers are to be installed then the SCSI/RAID option must be removed via the REMOVE COMPONENTS stage. nLite will remove the stock Windows XP SCSI/RAID drivers and use user supplied SATA boot drivers to be integrated at a later step.
If no options are selected then nLite will bypass this area. Click NEXT and the UNATTENDED SETUP screen appears. UNATTENDED SETUP will allow for several options to be completed automatically that normally occur during the setup process. GENERAL 1/2 allows for selection of what type of computer. Most new computers today are ACPI Uniprocessor PC. The CD KEY can be entered. (Not shown because I'm not going to show you it.
) There are several other selections and help windows appear on mouseover.
The GENERAL 2/2 screen allows for automatic entry of the domain data.
The PERSONAL screen is for entering personal information about the computer owner and the admin passwords.
The DISPLAY screen allows for setting a specific resolution and hertz frequency when windows finishes installation.
Click NEXT and nLite will give a last chance to keep or remove any files that are orphaned by the previous removal steps. If none of the removed components are cross linked to other files then these two boxes will be blank.
Click NEXT and the following step will bring up the INTEGRATE DRIVERS menu. Choose INSERT and browse to the location where SATA drivers have been extracted to. .EXE files will not work at this stage. NLite is looking for .INF files.SATA can be a pain
SATA drivers were not fully developed when Windows XP came out thus were not included on the disk. Anyone with SATA drives knows that drivers must be extracted to a floppy disk and F6 MUST be pressed at the beginning of the installation process in order for the drives to be recognized. NLite can integrate the SATA drivers into the slipstreamed installation disk.
Download the latest SATA files from the chipset maker or the motherboard maker. Here are links to the chipset makers for three of the popular SATA chipsets.VIA ARENA VT8237 SATA DriversSilicon Image SIL 3114
PROMISE 20579 SATA Drivers (PROMISE does not host these files. See your motherboard manufacturer website for the latest drivers)
The downloads usually are .ZIP files or .EXE files. These extract to a directory of all the SATA drivers needed pre and post installation. Look for a folder that is named similar to DISKETTE or BOOT drivers. In this folder may be several subfolders. Either by OS or by drive type (IDE or RAID). Point nLite to the OS and RAID type folder specific to your own setup that is desired.
If your motherboard package came with a SATA diskette then transfer the contents of that diskette to the hard drive into a folder.IMPORTANT. SATA driver packages come with a file marked TXTSETUP.OEM. Place that file in the same folder as the specific .INF that nLite will point to.
It wasn't clear at first but nLite was asking if the TXTSETUP.OEM was included in the same folder as the .INF file.
Click YES if the TXTSETUP.OEM file is in the same folder. If it isn't...move it there and re-insert the SATA INF file. Click YES and NEXT.WARNING: Multiple SATA drivers cannot be added. The installation will crash. The finished slipstreamed installation disk is created for a specific type of SATA chipset and either RAID or non-RAID setup.Slipstream NVIDIA RAID drivers
many have problems installing windows to nVIDIA nForce 4 (NF4) RAID controllers with two or more drives in RAID 0, 1, 5 or 10. On many forums there have been recommendations to download the nVIDIA 5.10 or 6.53 drivers and copy the contents of the IDEWinXP folder to a floppy disk. This folder is 1.7 MB so all of it can't be copied to a floppy. It is then recommended to copy all the contents EXCEPT for the RAIDTOOL folder.
Unforunately this folder is also required so a successful solution has been found so you can integrate or slipstream NVRAID drivers into the WindowsXP install disk. It has allowed for a successful installation of WindowsXP on a RAID 0 setup (disk array) on a Gigabyte GA-K8N NF4 nForce4 motherboard.
1) Download the Windows XP/2000 - nForce4 Standalone Kit (6.53)
and extract the folder. You'll be dealing with the nForce standalone_6.53IDEWinXP folder.
2) Find the txtsetup.oem file and right click and chose OPEN. CHOOSE Select the program from a list and then choose NOTEPAD to open the file. Make sure the box is UNCHECKED for always use the selected program to open this kind of file.
Delete the contents of the file. CTL-A to select all and delete. Replace with this (copy and paste between the .............:
d1 = "NVIDIA RAID DRIVER (SCSI)",disk1,
scsi = nvraid
nvraid = "NVIDIA RAID CLASS DRIVER (required)"
nvatabus = "NVIDIA NForce Storage Controller (required)"
driver = d1,nvraid.sys,nvraid
inf = d1,nvraid.inf
dll = d1,nvraidco.dll
driver = d1,nvatabus.sys,nvatabus
inf = d1, nvatabus.inf
dll = d1,idecoi.dll
id = "GenNvRaidDisk","nvraid"
id = "*_NVRAIDBUS","nvraid"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_008E", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_0085", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_00D5", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_00EE", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_00E3", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_00E5", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_0035", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_0036", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_003E", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_0053", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_0054", "nvatabus"
id = "PCIVEN_10DE&DEV_0055", "nvatabus"
It appears the original txtsetup.oem that comes with the standalone drivers (or unified) isn't quite right for installing drivers off a diskette and the fact that the RAIDTOOL folder is missing complicates a few things even more thus crashing the installation.
ONE MINOR CORRECTION: Do not select (check) the box by SCSI/RAID in the REMOVE COMPONENTS.
2) When using NLITE to build your slipstreamed disk apply all of the service packs and updates as the guide outlines. It's during the INSTALL DRIVERS section that the NVIDIA drivers are installed.
Browse to the extracted NVIDIA 6.53IDEWinXP folder and select the NVRAID.INF file that is displayed. Not the bus driver. A new window will open up with two files highlighted NVRAID and STORAGE. Both will have the (REQUIRED) entry. CTRL Click to select both and choose OK.
Answer YES to the question about if a txtsetup.oem file exists and NLITE will slipstream the all the necessary drivers into the install disk.
3) If you haven't already...immediately upon boot press DELETE to get into BIOS. You may notice that with some nForce4 boards that have both the SI3114 and nVIDIA controller that there are a mess of SATA bios settings.
Refer to your manual to determine exactly which is for what but, as an example, on the Gigabyte nForce4 Ultra SLI board the first set of entries (IDE/SATA RAID) turns on and off the entire SATA controller...be it nVIDIA or SI3114. This must be enabled. The 4 ENABLE/DISABLE entries below that entry are the SATA controllers for the SI3114. Those don't matter as, if you use the SI3114 headers...setting up a RAID in that bios (F4 on the Gigabyte board) will override the settings.
In otherwords...they are there for eyecandy as most would complain if they were not...even though they really don't do anything.
The SATA-1 and 2 (and the subsequent primary/secondary bios entries) are for the nVIDIA controller. Set all of these to enable.
4) Press the function key to get into nVIDIA RAID BIOS. F10 in the case of the Gigabyte board. Set up your desired raid structure there.
5) Reboot and have your windows disk in the drive
6) Continue the installation as per normal. I setup my NLITE build as an unattened installation wallked away after creating the first partion and formatting it. 20 minutes later the desktop appeared and built on a RAID 0 array.
Now learn about continuing with NLITE to apply hotfixes and service packs and additional drivers. NOTE: Windows Media Player 10 or DOT NET cannot be slipstreamed with NLITE.
Hotfixes (Windows security updates, cumulative updates and Windows updates) are easily added at the next menu. Simply choose insert and navigate to the folders that the updates were downloaded to.
Choose NEXT and the OPTIONS AND TWEAKS menu will appear. GENERAL 1/2 allows for a few simple changes to the installation process and each has a help bubble on mouseover. In otherwords...each will be explained when the cursor is put over the entry.
General 2/2 can basically be ignored unless you really know what you are doing.
The TWEAKS section is more fun. It allows for custom configuration of how Windows appears when installation is done. Each one of the categories has a help file that appears and please TAKE THE TIME to look over each entry carefully before selection.
Click NEXT and nLite asks one last time before beginning the process. Click NO and any one of the steps can be backtracked to. Moving forward in the program after backtracking will leave all other customizations in place but it would be a good idea to double-check along the way.
nLite takes it from here to prepare, integrate, remove, delete and finish the installation files. The time taken for this depends on the computer speed.
The second to last screen shows the final size of the newly created slipstreamed files. Space reduction is shown if any components were removed.
Click FINISH and the next step can be taken. If the ISO option was chosen at the beginning of the nLite process then the program would create an ISO of the slipstreamed files to be burnt to a disk via an ISO burning program. This guide is not yet finished with the installation files so this option was not chosen.
[newpage]Adding Windows Media Player 10
Windows Media Player 10 can easily be added to the installation disk files. First is to download the Windows Media Player 10 setup file
to a folder on the hard drive. Next download the WMP10 Slipstreamer file
. It's a small batch file from Bâshrat the Sneaky that is to be placed in the same folder as where the Windows Media Player 10 file was downloaded to. Make sure the Windows Media Player 10 setup file is named MP10setup.exe.
Click on the WMP10_Slipstreamer batch file and the rest is just pressing any key to continue every so often. That's if you can find the "any" key on your keyboard.
The batch program will automatically extract the Windows Media Player 10 files and remake them into files for the installation process. They will be extracted to a folder named I386 at the root of the C: drive.
Copy the contents
, not the folder itself, of that I386 folder to the I386 folder of the nLite created slipstream files. You will click YES TO ALL when Windows asks if you want to replace files.
Find the HIVEDEF.INF file in the I386 folder of the nLite created slipstream files. It will open in NOTEPAD and search for[AddReg]
place the following line below the [AddReg] entry. It doesn't matter where as long as it is below [AddReg] and before the next [ ] entry.HKCU,"SOFTWAREMicrosoftMediaPlayerPreferences","AcceptedPrivacyStatement",0x000100 03,1
You may choose to look for the other HKCU,"SoftwareMicrosoft entries and add the previous line in that area just to keep things neat. Close the HIVEDEF.INF file saving any changes.
Now Windows Media Player 10 is slipstreamed into the installation disk and only needs to be configured when first run.Burn the files
NERO does a great job of burning bootable CDs. Download XPBOOT.BIN
to the hard drive and start NERO. Choose CD-ROM (Boot) from the menu and choose the BOOT tab.
Choose the radio button for IMAGE file and browse to where the XPBOOT.BIN file was downloaded to. Click the ENABLE EXPERT SETTINGS tickbox and choose NO EMULATION. Remove the NERO boot message and change NUMBER OF LOAD SECTORS from 1 to 4.
Choose the LABEL tab.
Click the MORE LABELS button and enter the following information if using a corporate edition of Windows XP.
You will want to add WXPVOL_EN to the disc name if it wasn't added automatically. Click the NEW button and add all the files in the folder where nLite slipstreamed the installation disk. Click the BURN button and insert a blank CD to be burnt.
The disc will be created and now you have a bootable, slipstreamed disc with SATA drivers built in. No need to press F6 and if you entered the license key then there's no need to enter it manually.
[newpage]Not everything is perfect
NLite is still in beta phase. Learning the program for this guide resulted in a few coasters but it was nice to have a bootable disc with SATA, service pack and updates slipstreamed. The drives were detected and the installation still parked on the choice of installation partition and how to format it. This was good. From there the installation continued unattended until complete. Everything worked like a charm.
There were two files that Windows Update did report as not installed even though they were part of the hotfixes.
The configuration for DISPLAY also did not set a resolution of choice and the monitor defaulted to 640x480 at 60Hz. This may have been attributable to the fact that the video card output was through a KVM device instead of direct to the monitor.
It's a good idea to check the settings if burning any more discs. All of the language packs were selected to remove during the installation process but the next time around some were deselected.IMPORTANT: In the PRESETS folder of the nLite install directory is a file named Last Session_u. DO NOT share this file with anyone as it will clearly contain the Windows license key if UNATTENDED SETUP was chosen and the license key was entered.
NLite remembers where it slipstreamed the files to and if the process is to be repeated with changes then some of the options are disabled. Simply rename the folder where the slipstreamed files are and create a new folder. This way versions of the slipstream can be made containing different options such as different SATA drivers. The entire procedure, including transferring files from the original installation disc, will have to be repeated.
.NET Framework is not easily slipstreamed into a Windows installation disc. It can actually be removed via nLite as the netfx folder contains an old version which is not even installed normally. There is a way to slipstream the .NET install file and .NET service packs into one main file but we were not able to find an easy method of slipstreaming .NET into an Windows installation CD.
It could be possible to slipstream NFORCE drivers into an installation CD but this involves a more complicated approach and defeats the purpose of being easy. It's also the best idea to always use the latest drivers after windows completes its basic installation.
NLite is an incredibly easy tool to use. It allows for a lot of customization of the Windows installation process. It is now easy to slipstream service packs, updates and SATA drivers into one bootable installation CD. It's still in beta phase so it's not without it's imperfections but it does work and works well for new users and more experienced users.
Don't forget to read the comprehensive Operating System Setup Guide for 2005
with tons of tricks and tweaks to help set up your system the correct way.
Our thanks to Dino Nuhagic
for the creation of a free and incredibly useful tool; nLite
Printed On August 31, 2006
Copyright (c) short-media.com.
PS: The reason I posted the above was allot of time sites, info will get deleted from a website...